O Pacto de Autarcas é o maior movimento mundial de cidades para a ação climática e de energia local. Abaixo encontrará mais informações sobre a iniciativa da UE: os seus antecedentes, a sua missão e visão e os seus resultados em números.
O Pacto de Autarcas foi lançado em 2008, na Europa, com a ambição de reunir os governos locais comprometidos voluntariamente em alcançar e exceder os objetivos da UE para o clima e energia.
A iniciativa não só apresentou uma abordagem bottom-up inovadora relativamente à ação para o clima e energia, como o seu sucesso rapidamente ultrapassou as expectativas.
A iniciativa conta atualmente com mais de 7 000 municípios e regiões de 57 países, baseando-se nos pontos fortes de um movimento mundial multissetorial e no apoio técnico e metodológico oferecido pelos secretariados dedicados.
O Pacto de Autarcas Global está a tirar proveito da experiência adquirida ao longo dos últimos oito anos na Europa e fora desta, e continuará a crescer com base nos principais fatores de sucesso da iniciativa: governança bottom-up, modelo de cooperação multinível e o seu enquadramento orientado para a ação.
Click on the + button to discover the milestones and achievements of the Covenant of Mayors since the launch of the initiative!
The Covenant of Mayors initiative was launched by the European Commission in 2008, with the objective of engaging and supporting mayors to commit to reaching the EU climate and energy targets.
The success of the initiative quickly went beyond expectations and would keep attracting new local and regional authorities in Europe and beyond. The Covenant of Mayors was already gathering 2,000 cities by October 2010, thus encouraging the European Commission to develop a similar initiative in the EU Eastern Partnership countries. The Covenant of Mayors East initiative kick-started in 2011 and now operates in Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan.
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In 2012, the European Commission extended the Covenant of Mayors to the European Neighbourhood South Region by launching the CES-MED project. “Cleaner Energy-Saving Mediterranean Cities" (CES-MED) supports cities in joining the Covenant of Mayors and committing to ambitious sustainable development policies. The CES-MED Office operates in Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and Tunisia.
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The European Commission launched the Mayors Adapt initiative. Based on the same principles as the Covenant of Mayors, this sister initiative focuses on adaptation to climate change. Mayors Adapt invites local governments to demonstrate leadership in adaptation, and supports them in the development and implementation of local adaptation strategies.
The Covenant of Mayors and Mayors Adapt initiatives officially merged on the occasion of a ceremony held on 15 October 2015 in the European Parliament. The new Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy - the goals and direction of which were defined with cities through a consultation process - is both more ambitious and broad-ranging: signatory cities now pledge to actively support the implementation of the EU 40% GHG-reduction target by 2030 and agree to adopt an integrated approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to ensure access to secure, sustainable and affordable energy for all.
During the Climate Summit in Paris a few weeks later, EU Commission Vice-President Maroš Sefčovič announced the geographical extension of the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy, with new regional offices to be set up in Sub-Saharan Africa, North and South America, Japan, India, China & South-East Asia.
In June 2016, the Covenant of Mayors entered a major new phase of its history when choosing to join forces with another city initiative, the Compact of Mayors. The resulting “Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy” is the largest movement of local governments committed to going beyond their own national climate and energy objectives. Fully in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals and climate justice principles, the Global Covenant of Mayors will tackle three key issues: climate change mitigation, adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change and universal access to secure, clean and affordable energy.
In the meantime, the Covenant of Mayors has continued its global extension with the launch of the Covenant of Mayors Office for Sub-Saharan Africa.